We Asked, You Said, We Did

Below are some of the issues we have recently consulted on and their outcomes.

We Asked

From 18 December 2018 to 31 January 2019 we invited public comment on our proposal to set a new minimum safety standard for community service flights (CSF). The consultation asked you to comment on a draft legislative instrument that would apply additional safety requirements for the conduct of CSF and included 16 provisions that related to licensing and medical requirements for pilots; minimum CSF pilot experience; a requirement that flights at night be conducted under the instrument flight rules (IFR); and maintenance-related enhancements intended to align with requirements governing similar operations in Australia.

You Said

CASA appreciates the contributions made by respondents and acknowledges that their feedback has been beneficial to the consultation process. The consultation received responses from 233 individuals or organisations—including 115 people who said they were a pilot who had flown a CSF. Responses were evenly split between a group of respondents that did not support any element of the proposal and a combined group of those respondents that partially or fully supported the proposal. Consultation feedback highlighted that some elements of the proposal were disproportionately costly compared to their safety benefits. A detailed analysis of the feedback in provided in the Summary of Consultation (published below).

We Did

In response to the consultation, CASA has modified the new minimum standard to provide appropriate safety protections to CSF passengers at a significantly reduced cost compared to the initial proposal.

Key changes are:

  • Specific engine maintenance requirements have been removed.
  • Factory-built light sport aircraft registered under Part 47 of CASR may be used.
  • The definition of CSF has been refined to provide that the pilot and passengers are introduced through a charitable or community service organisation, and the passengers are not charged for the flight.
  • The PPL multi-engine 100-hour experience requirement has been reduced to 25 hours and applied to all pilots.
  • The flight notification requirement has been clarified to be a full flight details or SARTIME notification with a remark stating the flight is a CSF operation.

The requirements will come into effect on 19 March 2019.

Further information about the new requirements for CSF is published on the CASA website.

We Asked

In September 2018 we asked for feedback on our flagship aviation safety magazine Flight Safety Australia. We asked a variety of questions to explore current reading habits and satisfaction levels, whether the magazine has an impact on aviation safety (knowledge, awareness and behaviour), and to source ideas for improvement (including audience preferences regarding the magazine’s format, frequency and content, and how to grow readership).

You Said

We received 1,299 responses from a wide range of people in the aviation industry. About 70 percent of respondents were current readers, and the rest had not read Flight Safety Australia within 12 months.

The results show that Flight Safety Australia magazine has a positive influence on knowledge and awareness about safety issues, and also behaviour. Of those who currently read the magazine, 95 per cent agree/strongly agree that they have learned useful information from Flight Safety Australia and 85 per cent agree/strongly agree it has influenced them to become safer in their aviation role. A majority of current readers surveyed (89%) would recommend it to other people in the industry because the content is well written, informative and enjoyable, it provides opportunities to learn from other’s mistakes, and it provides a relevant connection to real life practices.

The results show a high level of satisfaction with the current mixture of stories and a range of additional story ideas were received.

Almost 30 percent of respondents said they have not read Flight Safety Australia in the last 12 months mainly because the digital format doesn’t suit them (they prefer print).

We Did

We are changing our publishing model for Flight Safety Australia magazine in response to the feedback.

From September 2019 we will introduce the option for people to subscribe to a quarterly print magazine. It will cost $39.95 for a 12-month subscription (four issues per year delivered to your door including postage and handling within Australia). It is necessary for us to charge a subscription fee to make this option sustainable in the long term.

From our research we know that some of you would prefer to receive the content for free. As a result, we will continue to publish all the features of the print magazine on the Flight Safety Australia website and will also update it regularly with unique ‘digital only’ content (including topical news, safety videos, audio close calls and more).

Subscribe now to Flight Safety Australia print edition at the CASA Online Store.

We Asked

CASA published a consultation draft of the proposed regulatory instrument for performance-based communication and surveillance on the CASA Consultation Hub from 18 April to 2 May 2018.

You Said

CASA received a total of three responses to the proposed instrument.

One of the main objectives of the consultation was to obtain feedback on whether open-ended relief statements for aircraft documentation, agreement with the communication service provider and the Minimum Equipment List (MEL) would be acceptable to foreign authorities in the long term. One response indicated that such open-ended statements didn't appear to be a problem. Another response queried if CASA would be prepared to accept the open-ended statements and how certain older aircraft equipment would be treated if it is determined or declared to be non-compliant by the State of design.

There was a suggestion to prepare and publish guidance on the subject in the form of an Advisory Circular (AC).

Other comments indicated preference for the use of less-restrictive statements concerning monitored performance of aircraft data link operations and training of the personnel.

Finally, a suggestion was provided to use the definitions contained in ICAO documents.

We Did

As PBCS is a recently developed concept and that it may take some time for operators to obtain the required documentation, CASA and foreign authorities should accept operator's request(s) to appropriate authorities or entities for documentation as an acceptable means of compliance. Otherwise, affected operators would be disadvantaged due to no fault of their own.

The comment regarding the possibility of certain aircraft equipment being declared non-compliant by State of design has been addressed so that the subject aircraft are no longer authorised to declare applicable RCP and RSP capabilities.

A new Advisory Circular on PBCS has been published by CASA to provide general guidance on the subject.

Suggestions to use less-restrictive statements on the monitoring of aircraft data link operations and training of the personnel have also been taken into consideration. The word "notification" has been replaced by "advice" in the context of data link monitoring. Furthermore, requirements for flight crew and other personnel have become more general so that having appropriate knowledge is considered acceptable. 

The definitions will remain the same. They are slightly reworded from those contained in ICAO documents and are for the purpose of the subject instrument only.

The regulatory instrument CASA 33/18 – Required Communication Performance and Required Surveillance Performance (RCP 240 and RSP 180) Capability Declarations – Direction 2018 – is available on the Federal Register of Legislation.

We Asked

In March 2018, we asked the aviation community to comment on the 24 recommendations made by a team of leading international specialists after they conducted an independent review of fatigue rules for operators and pilots. The final report of the independent review and a copy of the consultation survey is available at the bottom of the consultation webpage. The consultation asked you to raise any implementation issues and provide feedback to CASA on the highest priorities for action to help us develop our response to the review.

You Said

We received 26 responses from a wide range of stakeholders including unions and industry representative organisations covering aerial mustering, aerial application, rotary, charter, small and large air operators, as well as feedback from a number of individuals.

Feedback was generally supportive of the review recommendations including the need to modernise Australia’s fatigue rules.

We received mixed feedback on the need to develop a process to approve variations to prescriptive limits and multiple tiers of fatigue risk management systems.

Feedback was also mixed on the merits of aligning closer to international averages. Some argued that the use of simple averages ignored additional mitigations within other rule sets. In contrast, some argued that the Australian aviation environment was less demanding than other jurisdictions regarding terrain, weather and traffic.

Several additional suggestions were provided to improve the fatigue rules including gathering regular fatigue data, modifying off duty requirements when transitioning between prescriptive rule sets, mitigating the effects of consecutive early starts and standby arrangements.

Further consultation

The Aviation Safety Advisory Panel appointed a Technical Working Group including representatives of operators, pilot associations, industry associations and academia to assist us with finalising our response to the review recommendations. The working group met in July 2018 and considered industry feedback and CASA’s proposed response to the review recommendations. The Technical Working Group report is available on the CASA website.

In August 2018 the Aviation Safety Advisory Panel considered the Technical Working Group report. Based on their advice, the Aviation Safety Advisory Panel is generally supportive for CASA to progress with drafting the revised CAO 48.1. The Aviation Safety Advisory Panel recommend an additional Technical Working Group meeting to review the drafted regulations and seek to achieve further consensus on outstanding policy matters prior to further public consultation.

We Did

Overall, CASA will adopt 21 of the 24 review recommendations.

This includes the review’s recommendation for a staged approach to transition to the new fatigue rules. The new transition timeline provides time for us to amend CAO 48.1, develop improved guidance material, prepare our staff, and for industry to work with us to implement the changes.

High capacity regular public transport operators will transition to the new fatigue rules by 30 September 2019. To support these operators, we will revise flight duty periods to align more with international averages and improve the operation of fatigue risk management systems (FRMS). We will also establish an FRMS manager to oversight the review, approval and monitoring of industry FRMS and appoint an internal FRMS panel with additional training in FRMS management.

All other air operators will need to adopt the new fatigue requirements by 26 March 2020. To support the transition of these operators we will provide improved guidance for prescriptive limits and FRMS. This will include a sample FRMS manual and examples of acceptable means of compliance.

Aerial application operations will be aligned with the fatigue limits in Sub-Part 137.Q of Civil Aviation Safety Regulations and rules regarding standby and off duty periods will be reviewed to reduce complexity.

For those operators already transitioned, or in the process of transition, we will continue to review and approve applications under the existing CAO 48.1 Instrument 2013 and 2016 and will develop transitional arrangements to continue recognition of these approvals.

Ongoing actions including monitoring fatigue data and international regulations to inform future changes, monitoring transition to the new rules to review the need for an approved variation process and multiple tiers of FRMS, and assessing whether aerial application flight duty periods should be subject to regulation.

Industry engagement and consultation including ‘road-testing’ regulation amendments, and seeking industry input on guidance material, forms, education and communication material will be integral to our approach.

Additional detail regarding CASA’s response to the independent review, including further discussion of consultation feedback and the agreed action for each recommendation is available on the CASA website.

We will maintain the status of the recommendations and actions on the fatigue pages of our website, and will seek feedback from the Aviation Safety Advisory Panel prior to closing recommendations.

Subscribe to CASA Briefing and our ‘regulatory implementation’ mailing list to stay up-to-date on progress.

We Asked

CASA published the Draft CAAP 20.4-01 v 1.0 — Supplemental oxygen requirements for cabin crew members in pressurised aircraft operating at flight level 250 and below — on the CASA website from 22 February 2018 to 9 March 2018. We asked should the cabin crew supplemental oxygen requirements, as set out in Civil Aviation Order 20.4, apply in emergency situations where cabin crew may not be able to promptly access a supply of supplemental oxygen apply in certain circumstances.

You Said


CASA received a total of three submissions. All the respondents consented to having their comments published on the CASA website.

Key feedback

All responses received support the consultation explanation that CAO 20.4 need not be narrowly and strictly applied to supplementary oxygen requirements for pressurised aircraft engaged in flights not above flight level 250 when a sudden emergency results in extraordinary circumstances that mean cabin crew may not immediately be able to access a supply of supplementary oxygen.

We Did

Future direction

CASA will issue the final CAAP 20.4-01 v 1.0 verifying that cabin crew can use their professional judgment to deal with any number of threats to the aircraft, passengers and themselves during an emergency. Departure from narrow regulatory compliance may be excusable in situations where the evidence shows that the departure was necessary due to a sudden or extraordinary emergency.

We Asked

We asked for feedback on a proposal to implement MULTICOM 126.7 up to 5,000 feet AMSL in low level airspace at uncharted aerodromes, and to expand the radius of common traffic advisory frequency (CTAF) areas to 20 nautical miles.

The aim of the proposal was to implement MULTICOM 126.7 and enhance safety benefits for VFR and IFR aircraft, protect passenger transport operations and keep air traffic control transmissions separate from general transmissions at aerodromes.

You Said

We received 1,064 survey responses to this consultation and some written submissions.

Overall, 42.8% of survey respondents supported the proposal and 57.2% of respondents did not support the proposal. Respondents raised a number of important issues and concerns requiring further consideration.

The common issues, questions or suggestions were around:  

  • the extent of overlapping CTAFs
  • frequency congestion, either on MULTICOM 126.7 or within expanded CTAF areas
  • irrelevant transmissions from neighbouring aerodromes in expanded CTAF areas
  • procedures for inbound calls
  • radio carriage and workload implications for hang gliders and paragliders.

We Did

Due to the issues raised during consultation, CASA will not implement this proposal.

In acknowledgement of the broad support for the MULTICOM 126.7 component of this proposal, CASA is developing a new option that will be released for consultation later this month.  

We Asked

CASA published DP1618OS—Maintenance of limited category aircraft. Proposed Subpart 132.M of CASR—on the CASA website from 1-19 September 2017. The objectives of the DP were to provide owners, operators and maintainers of limited category aircraft with the opportunity to provide feedback on potential ways of regulating maintenance of limited category aircraft. Three options were proposed:

  • Continuing to have maintenance of limited category aircraft governed by the current rules.
  • Moving the maintenance requirements for limited category aircraft to Part 42 of CASR.
  • Having a dedicated Subpart 132.M of CASR dealing with maintenance of limited category aircraft.

CASA also consulted with stakeholders on 28 February 2017 at a public meeting held at the Stamford Plaza Hotel in Sydney.

You Said

22 online responses were received from industry participants in relation to the three proposed options. Of the 22 respondents, 17 provided their permission to publish their responses. The responses against the three options were as follows.


Option 1 - retain the present regulatory structure

No response                                        4

Unacceptable                                      10

Acceptable with change                      6

Acceptable without change                 2


Option 2 - incorporate the limited category aircraft maintenance rules into Part 42 of CASR

No response                                        4

Unacceptable                                      9

Acceptable with change                      8

Acceptable without change                 1


Option 3 - create a standalone maintenance Subpart 132.M of CASR

No response                                        0

Unacceptable                                      4

Acceptable with change                      10

Acceptable without change                 8


Outcome of consultation meeting held at Stamford Plaza Hotel 28th February 2017

18 industry participants provided unanimous support to proceed with development of a Subpart 132.M of CASR. Of these 18 participants, 9 stated by way of caveat that they would need to see the full policy detail before giving unqualified support to the proposal.

The support provided by industry participants at this meeting reflects the responses CASA received online.


Key feedback and policy changes

Predominantly, the feedback indicated that the development of a Subpart 132.M of CASR was the preferred option but respondents wanted to see further detail.

We Did

A detailed policy paper will be prepared and published on CASA's Consultation Hub.

Responses to the policy draft will be analysed and regulations will be drafted to give effect to the agreed policies.

We Asked

In August 2017, we surveyed readers of Flight Safety Australia (FSA) magazine about their preferences for delivery and frequency of FSA, which since 2012, has been delivered electronically, via an app for tablets, and the flightsafetyaustralia.com website. We wanted to assess reader’s preferences before making any changes to the magazine’s content and how it’s delivered.

You Said

Our readers said they felt the balance was about right in the coverage of aviation safety issues but would like to see more close calls and accident reports. They also said they wanted aviation safety information more often from the current bi-monthly app and news stories most days.

We Did

From January we are going to increase the frequency of articles including close calls and accident reports, with new stories every week and a monthly edition to download as well as topical news stories published daily on the news site.

We Asked

Since the commencement of Part 66 in June 2011, CASA has received valuable feedback from stakeholders—including Part 66 licence holders and training organisations—on the implications and effects of the legislation. Feedback has highlighted the opportunity to simplify and clarify some aspects of the legislation, and address anomalies, gaps and unintended consequences via conduct of a post implementation review (PIR) of Part 66 of the Civil Aviation Safety Regulations 1998 (CASR).

In support of the PIR, CASA invited submissions to the Post implementation review of Part 66 - Continuing airworthiness - aircraft engineer licences and ratings (PIR 1703MS) from 21 February 2017 to 26 May 2017.

The objective of this consultation was to provide an opportunity for the aircraft maintenance sector to comment on matters relating to aircraft maintenance engineer licences and ratings, covered by Part 66 of CASR, the Part 66 Manual of Standards (MOS) and associated advisory material. CASA asked industry to identify issues that they wanted the review team to address and ideas for possible solutions.

You Said


CASA received a total of 70 submissions; 48 respondents consented to having their comments published on the CASA website.

Key feedback

Comments made in the submissions demonstrated that the majority of issues could be grouped into three main 'issues':

  1. Part 66 of CASR, the Part 66 MOS and associated advisory material:
    1. complexity of Part 66 regulations
    2. complexity of the Part 66 MOS
    3. the Part 66-related ACs and Part 66 AMC/GM document are not easily understood
    4. lack of true harmonisation with EASA (as originally intended)
    5. lack of clarity and understanding of the Part 66 regulations and Part 66 MOS
    6. continued use of two sets of regulations (Civil Aviation Regulations 1988 (CAR) and CASR)
  2. licence privileges:
    1. lack of understanding of privileges/limitations
    2. complexity of exclusions on licences
    3. maintaining licence currency (6 months in 24 month requirement)
    4. B1 licence privilege:
      1. understanding what is a 'simple test'
      2. understanding avionic line replaceable unit (LRU) privileges
  3. aeroskills training (that leads to grant of a Part 66 licence):
    1. structure of the training, including knowledge requirements (EASA modules/units of competency)
    2. training pathways
    3. cost of training
    4. type training too complex/difficult
    5. access to training by individuals in remote parts of the country
    6. RPL problems.

We Did

Future direction

CASA expects to establish a CASA/industry Part 66 PIR Working Group soon. The role of the working group will be to contribute relevant technical expertise and industry sector insight to:

  • the analysis and review of the identified issues
  • the development of proposed solutions
  • the formulation of recommendations for improvements to the Part 66 legislation and associated guidance material.